NTA NET – Paper 1

General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude


Unit-I: Teaching Aptitude

• Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.

• Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.

• Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.

• Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
• Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.

• Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II: Research Aptitude

• Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post-positivistic approach to research.

• Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.

• Steps of Research.

• Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.

• Application of ICT in research.

• Research ethics.

Unit-III: Comprehension

• A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered.

Unit-IV Communication

• Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.

• Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group
communications, Classroom communication.

• Barriers to effective communication.

• Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude

• Types of reasoning.

• Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.

• Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI: Logical Reasoning

• Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.

• Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.

• Analogies.

• Venn diagram: Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments.

• Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.

• Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).

• Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII: Data Interpretation

• Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.

• Quantitative and Qualitative Data.

• Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.

• Data Interpretation.

• Data and Governance.

Unit-VIII: Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

• ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.

• Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.

• Digital initiatives in higher education.

• ICT and Governance.

Unit-IX: People, Development and Environment

• Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.

• Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment.

• Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.

• Impacts of pollutants on human health.

• Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.

• Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

• Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit-X: Higher Education System

• Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.

• Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.

• Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.

• Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.

• Value education and environmental education.

• Policies, Governance, and Administration.